The Agency’s operational activities have been grouped under the following directorates, with the first two also being referred to as Networks. Each Directorate is headed by a director.

Technical Service Network (TSN)

This is the technical arm of the Agency and consists of the following programme units:

Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a systematic identification and evaluation of potential impacts of items and actions relative to the physical, chemical, biological, cultural and socioeconomic components of the total environment.

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Environmental Quality
Environmental Quality program seeks to improve the quality of the Environment by monitoring and enforcing Environmental Laws and Regulations to prevent and control environmental pollution as well as protect, improve and promote sound Environmental Management.

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Environmental Policy and Legislation
Environment Policy and Legislation is responsible for the implementation/ enforcement of policies and laws related to the protection and preservation of the environment. The main instrument used is NEMA 1994.

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Hazardous Chemicals & Pesticides Management
To minimize these effects of Hazardous chemicals and pesticides the Government of The Gambia enacted an Act called the Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control Management Act in 1994.

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Ozone Program
The Ozone programme was set up in a view to protect and preserve the Ozone Layer with reference to the Montreal Protocol, a universally agreed international environment treaty.

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Regional Offices
The Agency has a regional office in each of the following regions of the country to carry out the activities of the Agency in the regions.
There are no regional offices within the Greater Banjul Area for the fact the Headquarters oversees them.

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Inter-sectoral Network (ISN)

Agriculture and Natural Resources (ANR)

The overall Policy objective of the ANR Policy (2017 – 2026) is the maximization of poverty reduction and enhancement of food, income, and nutrition securities through the optimal utilization of the resources of the sector consistent with safeguarding the integrity of the environment.

Agriculture and Natural Resource Program, according to NEMA ACT 1994, is to conserve and promote the rational use of the nation’s natural resources and environment for the benefit of present and future generations in a manner that is consistent with the overall goal of sustainable development.

Key Stakeholders
Department of Agriculture
Department of Water Resources
Department of Forestry
Department of Fishery
Department of Parks and Wildlife Management

Key Activities
Agriculture and Natural Resources (ANR) implements the following

  • Effective coordination of quarterly ANR stakeholders’ meetings
  • Regular quarterly monitoring of project activities with stakeholders
  • Popularize the ANR Policy and Strategies at regional and local levels.
  • Develop the ANR/TAC terms of reference (ToR), membership, reporting procedures and linkages.
  • Review and align ANR Policy with other national Strategies and Plans
  • Identify ANR related private entities for collaboration.
  • Developed Training manual on NRM. Climate change Prediction and Assessment Tools for Communities.

Major Achievements
The ANR Program achieved the following during the implementation of GEAP II

  • Effective coordination of quarterly ANR stakeholders’ meetings
  • Regular quarterly monitoring of project activities with stakeholders
  • Inter-institutional collaboration on policy advocacy and implementation
  • Enhanced engagement and participation of UN agencies and non-state actors in the Agriculture and National Resources Working Group (ANRWG)
  • Regular review and update of policies and strategies within the sector
  • Domestication of international agreements within the framework of the Rio-Convention.

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Environmental Information Systems (EIS)

The Environment Information System (EIS) Programme serves as a collection point for the environment and its related information. Through the programme, institutional partners are brought together to provide relevant and reliable information to support decision making process with the application of the Geographical Information System (GIS).

The programme is mandated to provide environmental information for sound decision making and training of officers on GIS and its related applications.

Key Stakeholders
Department of Agriculture
Department of Water Resources
Department of Forestry
Department of Fishery
Department of Parks and Wildlife Management

Key Activities

  • Develop policy and action plan on environmental information.
  • Update the Land use cover map of the Gambia.
  • Training Staff on drone mapping, GIS and remote sensing for disaster management, GIS for water management, advanced data collection, and the on geo-database management systems.
  • Sensitization and awareness creation on climate change through GIS products
  • Preparation and Publication of the State of the Environment Report (SoER) and Environment Outlook report.
  • Outreach on Application of GIS and Remote Sensing in decision making.
  • Map development for stakeholders. 
  • Mapping of areas of environmental interest/concern and creation of database.
  • Conduct quarterly EIS Working Group meeting and Networking.
  • Establishment of web based Environmental Management System.
  • Preparation of Environmental Statistics Compendium.

Major Achievements

  • Draft Strategy for establishing a UAV (drone) mapping and data collection unit by 2023
  • National database on fuel stations
  • Database on mines/quarries in West Coast Region and Lower River Region
  • National database on population parameters created
  • 13 environmental inspectors were trained on data collection with GPS
  • 6 EIS officers were trained on the use of the SHARP Tool for baseline data collection.
  • Working Group ToR and membership reviewed, updated and validated during the EIS working Group meeting
  • 1 EIS Working Group Meeting conducted
  • Species richness maps for national parks and reserves/boundary updated
  • State of the Environment report was developed in collaboration with relevant stakeholders
  • Health Facilities in Greater Banjul and part of West Coast Region were mapped
  • Senior Secondary Schools  in GBA and part of West Coast Region were mapped and a database created

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GIS & Documentation Centre
GIS is a computer-based system designed to support the management, analysis of data, promotes the logical organization of resources and environmental information, and decentralizes the management of environmental data sets while at the same time ensuring their compatibility. It also provides a stimulus for dialogue and discussion among participatory agencies regarding common quality standards and specification in the development of a national Environmental Information System. The EIS programme using GIS, collects, organizes, and provides data integration methodologies and easy access through the digitization, aerial photo interpretation and the production of composite thematic maps. The EIS programme also promotes the wider use of the Geographic Information System (GIS), including map Data for decision makers and planners.

Environmental Education and Communications (EE & C)

Environmental Education and Communication (EE&C) aims to educate and raise public awareness of the environment by highlighting the most pressing environmental problems, introducing the causes of environmental degradation, and identifying possible solutions.

Implementation of Framework
EE&C addresses all level of Gambian society, including primary and secondary schools, institutes of higher education, decision-makers, community leaders, farmers, extension workers, you and women groups and key individuals. With the adoption of the (The Gambia Environment Action Plan (GEAP), Environmental Education committees have been established to integrate environmental considerations into all national plans, strategies, and projects.
The Banjul City Council (BCC), Kanifing Municipal Council (KMC), Area Councils, Technical Advisory Committees (TACs) and the Village Development Committees (VDCs) play an important role in the management of environment plans and mobilize resources for action. Therefore, Local Environmental Education Committees have been established to coordinate environmental education initiatives.

Environmental Education and Resource Center
The Environmental Education Resource Centre (EERC) focuses on the development, production, and dissemination of educational materials The EERC makes available to the public educational, informational, and communicational materials as the concept of sharing educational materials is central to EERC strategy.
The Centre, in addition to doing research works, creates public awareness, and encourages participation by organizing and conducting meetings and workshops to generate ideas to produce environmental education materials such as visual and audio-visual materials, posters, leaflets, brochures, T-Shirts, etc.
This Centre keeps a historical record of all the events, activities, and programs of the Agency. It also has the database of all the pictorial and video evidence of the work of the Agency.
All programs include the personnel of this unit to easily help in keeping records of such events intact.

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Media Production Center
The media production Centre helps to have all the designs and other graphic work done by the Agency. It has good innovative plans to make it marketable externally as others can request the personnel for other works.

Major Activities and Programs

  • To integrate EE & C into the formal education system at all levels
  • To sensitize the public about environmental issues and increase their participation in advocacy for the environment.
  • To improve the function of the NEA Environment Education Research Centre.
  • To regularly produce the biannual national environmental newsletter “Earthnews”
  • To review and update the EE&C strategy and divisional action plan
  • To conduct training in EE&C for the various target groups (GOTG planners/decision makers, women groups, farmers, youths, religious leaders, extension workers, media personnel)

Some interventions and Engagements

  • Schools Environment outreach to selected schools
  • Organizes and coordinates all media transactions for the Agency, including media coverage, interviews, radio talk-shows and television programs
  • Organize community dialogues and Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and town hall meetings.
  • Establishment and management of social media for the Agency, e.g. Facebook.
  • Create and maintain a visual and audio-visual achieve of the agency’s activities via the media unit.
  • Make/design the agency’s calendar, brochure, business cards, word cards, leaf lets and poster for the agency.

Coastal & Marine Environment (C & ME)

The Gambia Environment Action Plan (GEAP III) defines the Coastal Zone as “an important natural and economic resource which if utilized in a sustainable manner will yield important economic, social and environmental benefits”.
In view of the different issues at stake and the different actors operating within this coastal zone, the Coastal and Marine Environment (CME) programme was established with a view to coordinating activities in this area and subsequently minimize conflicts.

Goals of the Programme
The overall goal of the programme is to sustainably manage the rich animal and plant life of the Nation’s coastal and marine areas.


  • Formulate, review and revise policies relating to all coastal, marine, and fluvial (rivers, streams, ponds) activities.
  • Support decision-making by advising NEA and government agencies regarding the sustainability, protection, development, and monitoring of the coastal, marine, and fluvial environments.
  • Convene and guide task forces on issues that may arise relating to coastal and riverbank erosion, the marine and fluvial environment, sand mining and oil spills. 
  • Facilitate coordination of activities of all actors, drawing upon expertise in each core area to promote, monitor and assess the management of the coastal zone. 
  • Develop a sustainable financing mechanism for CME working group’s existence.
  • Support the setup and operation of thematic networks and coastal community groups for advocacy on coastal zone conservation and integrated management.

The Need for CME
The territorial sea of the Gambia extends to 12 nm with an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) extending to 200 nm. The seas off The Gambia are located where two major oceanic currents converge along the coast of West Africa. One is the highly productive upwelling zone of the Canary Current Large Marine Ecosystem (CCLME) which is cold and nutrient rich water flowing southward.
The other is the eastward-flowing warm Guinea current. The effects of these currents together with the trade winds which blow dominantly from the Sahara Desert westerly out over the Atlantic create intermittent upwelling along the coast of The Gambia. These upwelling, combined with the outflow of the Gambia River provide the nutrients that fuel a bountiful marine ecosystem. The CME are a rich source of animal & plant life which are used daily.

Coordination of CME
The CME programme is responsible for coordinating and monitoring coastal and marine related activities of The Gambia’s 81 kilometers of open Atlantic coastline and about 200km of sheltered coast along River Gambia. The programme serves as a clearinghouse and collection point for CME issues. Through the programme, institutional partners are brought together to solve problems. They monitor trends and adjust on-going activities to take these trends into account.
It coordinates these activities under the auspices of CME Working Group whose membership entails government and non-government institutions with major stake in coastal zone management. The Group facilitates coordination of activities related to the management of the coastal and marine environment and is the advisory body to the National Environment Management Council (NEMC). 

Environmental Education and Communications Working Group
The EE&C working group is also in place to help the unit in driving the policy objective of unit in line with its aims and objectives. The stakeholder group is derived from all the partner institution in making sure that the unit achieves its implementation plans, activities with the desired timeline.

Media Production Center
The media production Centre helps to have all the designs and other graphic work done by the Agency. It has good innovative plans to make it marketable externally as others can request the personnel for other works.

Key Activities

  • Routine/regular coastal monitoring and bi-annual bio-physical beach and backshore monitoring
  • To survey the shape (morphology/gradient or slope) of our coastal zone.
  • To identify changes over time on a particular beach
  • To identify, document and map areas of intense erosion and accretion along the entire shoreline 
  • To identify, document and map areas of intense economic activities along the entire shoreline
  • To examine the effects of management interventions on beach processes and morphology
  • To investigate seasonal changes in the beach profile and compare that with long term changes to the beach.
  • To identify potential impacts from development activities on a target beach
  • Monitoring ongoing coastal dynamics including coastal erosion and recommending the appropriate interventions.

Major Activities

  • Improved monitoring and understanding of emerging issues in vulnerable coastal communities.
  • Template of coastal zone monitoring database developed.
  • Yearly coastal forum held.
  • Biannual biophysical monitoring of beach and backshore
  • Capacities of community coastal observers enhanced.

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Environmental Emergency Management & Response (EEM & R)

Admin and Finance

The Admin & Finance Directorate performs the administrative and financial operations of the Agency. The Directorate overseas the following units:

  • Administration and Human Resource Management
  • IT
  • Finance
  • Records
  • Security

Support Units

In addition to the above discussed directorates, the Agency also has Tactical Support Units, and these are:

  • Research, Planning and Monitoring
    They carry out research and development work of the Agency.
  • Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) Coordination Unit
  • Tactical Support